4 or 5 - Day on-site Cryogenics Engineering and Safety Courses
The 5-Day course is designed for all engineers, technicians, operations personnel in general cryogenics, and for management personnel. A degree is helpful but not necessary. The content ranges from theory, to technical, and also practical topics in all aspects of cryogenic fluids and equipment. This is a classroom style lecture course. Every attendee has a 1,000 page notebook to follow the lectures. The course can be condensed to 4 full days, if necessary, with the same basic content.
Thermodynamics- Review of first principles and those concepts directly applicable to cryogenics.
Fluid Properties-Cryogenic Fluids (LNG, LO2, LN2, LAR, LH2, LHe) Cryogenic Fluids properties and data, cryogenic fluid behaviors and uses, plus handout T-S data books. Defines what's different with cryogenic fluids in bulk and transfer systems
Materials- Cryogenics materials properties, acceptable materials, materials compatibility, insulations & techniques, superconductivity, and other physical and transport properties. Live demonstrations with LN2
Course content continued:
Cryogenic Equipment- Internal construction and design of Tanks/Pressure Vessels, cryogenic pressure piping, valves, PRV's, VJ piping, joining/connecting systems, parts lifespans and thermal cycle life.
Refrigeration and Liquefaction- Basic Hardware, refrigeration cycles, Basic liquefaction, Real cycles vs Carnot efficiency, cryocoolers, types, cooler power, performance, sizing, and capacity.
Design- bulk Transfer and Storage, Heat leak, heat transfer quality, performance, cool-down, thermal and mechanical cycling, and systems design overview.
Instrumentation- Proper selection, uses, techniques, and equipment, how to measure temperature, mass flow and pressure.
Vacuum Technology- basic vacuum theory, emissivity, pump-down, proper equipment use and selection, vacuum quality, how to use with proper insulations techniques, out gassing of materials, and materials vacuum compatibility.
Cryogenic Safety- Working safely and productively with cryogenic fluids and equipment, basic first aid, asphyxiation, proper siting and QD relationships, equipment failures, accidents, high pressure gas systems, venting, flaring, flammability, process safety and site safety. Oxygen and Hydrogen as examples of materials compatibility, hazard and risk assessments, inspections, and code compliance for ASME Section VIII, division 1 and ASME B31.3.